Despite being preventable and treatable, malaria is estimated to have caused 438,000 deaths in 2015.
70% of these are children less than 5 years old.
This means a child dies
of malaria every 2 minutes.
Current interventions such as drug treatments, bed nets and insecticide spraying have helped to lower the burden of disease, but they are expensive to maintain and only protect people under certain circumstances: malaria prevention drugs are not recommended for long term use in disease endemic countries, bed nets only shelter people from mosquitoes at night, and the development of resistance to insecticides is a continual and increasing problem.
The funds required to fight malaria using these approaches are in excess of US$5.1 billion per year, and have been predicted to rise to $9 billion per year by 2030. Even with best current efforts from many supporters less than half of the needed US$5.1 billion is funding is currently available, despite the fact that 3.4 billion people – half the world’s population – are at risk for malaria
The consensus is that new tools are needed to eliminate malaria.
Source: Gething, P.W.*, Patil, A.P.*, Smith, D.L.*, Guerra, C.A., Elyazar, I.R.F., Johnston , G.L., Tatem, A.J. and Hay, S.I. (2011). A new world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2010. Malaria Journal, 10: 378. *indicates equal authorship.)